The Karakum desert

Deep in the Karakum desert

The sparsely populated Karakum Desert occupies about 80 to 90% of the total area of the Republic of Turkmenistan. Not surprisingly sandstorms and dust storms are very common in the country. The karakum possesses  large reserves of  oil, natural gas, and the third largest deposits of sulphur in the world. Compared to other deserts it has limited but adequate rainfall for ephemeral vegetation growth, a factor that allows for nomadic pastoralism. Moreover, ample irrigation water, allowing even  the growing of Cotton, is provided by the Murghab and Hari rivers flowing into the desert, as well as by the soviet constructed Karakum Canal,  the largest irrigation canal in the world which connects the Amu Darya River with the Caspian sea. Seepage from the Karakum canal has led to the creation of numerous lakes and ponds along its course, a source of natural beauty but also increasing salinization due to rising  groundwater levels.

Average air temperatures range from 26 to 34 °C in summer, and −4 °C to 4 °C  in winter, however extreme seasonal fluctuations are common with ranges from −20 °C in winter to +50°C in summer, and day temperatures may differ sharply between daylight and nighttime.

The nature in the Karakum desert

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8 Responses to The Karakum desert

  1. Lesle Mae says:

    why kara-kum desert is called as the black sand?

  2. 22wewwwd says:

    dont know

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  4. Pingback: Deserts of the Middle East | Learning Team 1

  5. Johng709 says:

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  7. hustler says:

    shut up yeah thats right i said it stupid

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